Mario Gerla: “VANET Services, Autonomous Vehicles and the Mobile Cloud”
Professor, Computer Science Department
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
As vehicles will soon become network connected, new vehicle applications are emerging, from navigation safety to location aware content distribution, urban surveillance and intelligent transport. Autonomous vehicles stand out as important players, with plenty of sensors, memory and processing power. The richness of on-board resources and the diversity of applications set the Vehicular ad Hoc Network (VANET) apart from conventional MANETs and introduce new challenges in the services they provide. First, it becomes apparent that safe navigation in a future with autonomous car platoons, say, will demand efficient, low latency V2V. Moreover, other applications (eg, surveillance, traffic management, etc) will require a degree of coordination not possible with the conventional Internet Cloud. This low latency cooperation can be best supported by a Mobile Computing Cloud (MCC), where vehicles use V2V to propagate computation results, share resources and provide mobile services. This talk will revisit VANET applications and will propose a Vehicular Cloud platform along with representative mobile service examples.
Dr. Mario Gerla is a Professor in the Computer Science Dept at UCLA. He holds an Engineering degree from Politecnico di Milano, Italy and the Ph.D. degree from UCLA. At UCLA, he was part of the team that developed the early ARPANET protocols under the guidance of Prof. Leonard Kleinrock. He joined the UCLA Faculty in 1976. At UCLA he has designed network protocols including ad hoc wireless clustering, multicast (ODMRP and CODECast) and Internet transport (TCP Westwood). He has lead the ONR MINUTEMAN project, designing the next generation scalable airborne Internet for tactical and homeland defense scenarios. His team is developing a Campus Vehicular Testbed. Parallel research activities are wireless medical monitoring using smart phones and cognitive radios in urban environments.
He is active in the organization of conferences and workshops, including MedHocNet and WONS. He serves on the IEEE TON Scientific Advisory Board. He became IEEE Fellow in 2002, was recently recognized with the MILCOM Technical Contribution Award in 2011, the IEEE Ad Hoc and Sensor Network Society Achievement Award in 2011 and the ACM Sigmobile Outstanding Contribution Award in 2015.
Thomas Watteyne The Keynote Speech: “The Rise of the Industrial IoT”
Research Scientist & Innovator, Inria, France
Senior Networking Design Engineer, Dust Networks/Linear Technology, Silicon Valley
co-chair, IETF 6TiSCH Working Group
co-PI, REALMS associate team, Inria/UC Berkeley/U.Michigan
The Internet of Things is not only used to make your home smarter, it is also being applied to critical Factory of the Future applications. Some people refer to this as the Industrial IoT, we like to call it the "Internet of Important Things". In an industrial use case, low-power wireless IoT solutions often replace wired networks which are expensive to install and maintain. The result is that factory owners expect the same level of performance from these low-power wireless networks, as they get from their wired counterpart. This translates into three requirements: reliability, low-power operation and determinism.
Pioneering industrial IoT companies such as Dust Networks have been commercializing networking technology that answer these requirements since the late 2000's, with off-the-shelf products available today that achieve over 99.999% end-to-end reliability and over a decade of battery lifetime. These networks use a technology known as Time Synchronized Channel Hopping, or TSCH. Over 45,000 such networks are running today in application domains as varied as Smart factory, smart building, smart city and even environmental sensing.
We are seeing a explosion of development, standardization and academic research around the Industrial IoT, and TSCH in particular. One example is the IETF, the standardization body behind today's Internet. An IETF working group called 6TiSCH is standardizing how the industrial performance of TSCH is combined with the ease of use IPv6. The open-source OpenWSN project, started by the same UC Berkeley group that invented TSCH, is providing a complete open-source implementation of the resulting protocol stack. We have hence only seen the tip of the iceberg of this Internet of Important Things, and the Factory of the Future is becoming a killer application for the Internet of Things.
Thomas Watteyne is an insatiable enthusiast of low-power wireless mesh technologies. He is a researcher at Inria in Paris, in the new EVA research team, where he designs, models and builds networking solutions based on a variety of Internet-of-Things (IoT) standards. He is Senior Networking Design Engineer at Linear Technology, in the Dust Networks product group, the undisputed leader in supplying low power wireless mesh networks for demanding industrial process automation applications. Since 2013, he co-chairs the IETF 6TiSCH working group, which standardizes how to use IEEE802.15.4e TSCH in IPv6-enabled mesh networks, and recently joined the IETF Internet-of-Things Directorate. Prior to that, Thomas was a postdoctoral research lead in Prof. Kristofer Pister’s team at the University of California, Berkeley. He founded and co-leads Berkeley’s OpenWSN project, an open-source initiative to promote the use of fully standards-based protocol stacks for the IoT. Between 2005 and 2008, he was a research engineer at France Telecom, Orange Labs. He holds a PhD in Computer Science (2008), an MSc in Networking (2005) and an MEng in Telecommunications (2005) from INSA Lyon, France. He is Senior member of IEEE. He is fluent in 4 languages.